Vitez Szilárd Bakay was born in 1892 in Budapest. His father is Szilárd Bakay, commander of one of the battalions of the 1st Infantry Regiment, and his mother is the daughter of Mária Németh, a hardware wholesaler in Budapest. His father died at the age of 43 in 1897 of heart paralysis. At the age of twenty-six, her mother was left alone with four children.
With the help of the Orphanage Scholarship from 1902 the Cs. and who. Military Alreáliskolák Kőszegi Kassai and the after Eisenstadt main Real (Militär Oberrealschule) between 1906-1909 and Moravian White Chapel (Mährisch-Weisskirchen) cs. and who. He was a pupil of the Cavalry Warfare School (Kadettenschule) , which enrolled in schools only with excellent sub-school results.
In 1909 he was admitted to the Theresianische Militärakademie of the Maria Theresa Military Academy in Vienna. In 1912 he was ordained an infantry lieutenant with considerable success. In 1914 his battalion was relocated to Budapest. He served as Deputy Commander-in-Chief at the outbreak of World War I. His form was soon commanded to the southern front. In January 1915 he was promoted to lieutenant colonel for his bravery in combat and at the age of 23 became commander of the 4th Century of the 44th Infantry Regiment. In 1916 he received one of the highest honors, the Order of the Iron Crown III. class. He was appointed commander of the 72nd Battalion. He took a leadership training course in Sibiu. He had already served as a Chief of Staff on the South Russian Front. In 1918 he was promoted to captain.
In the interwar period, Bakay rose to high positions within the Hungarian armed forces. Between April 1, 1933 and September 15, 1933, he was a military attaché in Belgrade and Athens, and between January 1, 1934 and May 1, 1939 in Sofia. In 1935 he was promoted to Colonel. In 1939 he reported as a Sofia attaché that a German-Soviet non-aggression treaty was about to be concluded, but in Budapest it was accepted with skepticism. Ordered home earlier this year, he received a new position. Between 1939 and 1942 he was commander of the 17th Light Division in Debrecen. In 1940, he was promoted to General. In September, when he returned to Transylvania, he participated in the operations with his brigade.
From August 1, 1942 he was appointed commander-in-chief of the Hungarian occupation forces in Kiev, and on October 1, 1942, he was promoted to lieutenant general. Until May 15, 1943, his authority was subject to double regulation, so that not only the commander of the Hungarian combat units (Ferenc Szombathelyi), but also the German military commander (Wilhelm Keitel) was also a subordinate. On May 15, 1943 he was appointed to the Szombathely III. but was only occupied on August 1, 1943, with his position and position, the full western border section. In the weeks leading up to the German occupation of March 19, 1944, he drew up a plan for the possibility of armed resistance, but it was not executed at higher command. Between June and July 1944, he was President of the Supreme Court of Honor in Budapest. On August 1, 1944, commander of the First Corps of Budapest, commanding general of Budapest (in the rank of lieutenant general). He was a key figure in the preparation of the jump attempt.
On October 8, 1944, the Germans kidnapped him from Budapest and took him by plane to the Gestapo headquarters in Vienna the same day. After a few days of custody was transferred to the Mauthausen prison camp where he was imprisoned 5 May 1945 at the latest. American troops who liberated the camp identified and verified his personal information but did not investigate. In June 1945, the Soviet authorities also investigated the matter. He was found not guilty, released. On January 24, 1945, on the basis of the “Decisions of the Head of State” published in the Defense Orders, “… because of the infidelity committed against the Hungarian nation …” the Arrow Cross government stripped him of his rank as Lieutenant General.
He returned home in the summer of 1945. He was indicted by the People’s Court for his military activities during World War II but was acquitted. The Department of Defense’s Inquiry Committee confirmed they were retired. On April 11, 1946, he was arrested without a court order. On March 17, 1947, he was executed.